Norm MacDonald died of cancer on September 14, 2021 in Los Angeles.

Norm MacDonald died of cancer on September 14, 2021 in Los Angeles.

Norm MacDonald died of cancer on September 14, 2021 in Los Angeles.

Norm MacDonald died of cancer

Norman Jean MacDonald (17 October 1959 -14 September 2021) was a Canadian stand-up comedian, writer and actor best known for his Deadpan style.

Early in his career, he wrote for Sitcom Rosa. McDonald was then a cast member for Saturday Night Live (SNL) for five years, including anchoring the Weekend Update segment for three seasons, during which time he also appeared on shows such as The Drew Carey Show and News Radio. After leaving SNL, he starred in Dirty Work in 1998 and his own sitcom, The Norm Show, from 1999 to 2001.

In 2013, McDonald's launched a video podcast, Norm McDonald's Live, on which he interviewed comedians and other celebrities. In 2018, he released Norm McDonald's a show, a Netflix talk show with the same part of his podcast. Throughout his career, McDonald appeared in numerous films and was a guest on talk shows such as Conan, Late Night with David Letterman and The Howard Stern Show. He also worked as a voice actor, especially in the animated show Mike Tyson Mysteries.

Norm McDonald, the Deadpan, caustic comedian who made a name for himself as the host of "Weekend Update" on Saturday Night Live, died Tuesday after starring in his own sitcom and appearing in films such as Dirty Work and Funny People. He was 61 years old.

Norm McDonald died after a nine-year private battle with cancer, his representative confirmed to the Hollywood Reporter.

While McDonald's last film was released in 2013's Superbad, he's better known for his role as head writer and announcer at "Weekend Update." He hosted the show from 1989 until 1995. He was also the lead on the series Friends from 1996 to 1999.

Despite working for SNL, he's remained somewhat of a cultural maverick. He never married and lived with his parents in New York City.

McDonald's early career was in music. He formed the group 'Til Tuesday, which enjoyed some MTV success. He later started his own record label, Flemming Records, and launched a musical career, releasing several solo albums and playing around the U.S.

He was working as a standup comic in New York when he auditioned for Saturday Night Live. He made his debut on the show in 1989, then hosted the following year, a role he held until 1995. During that period, he was also a member of Second City.

His early standup material tackled topics of homosexuality, drug addiction and religion. It wasn't until 2005 that he started writing more family-friendly material, including his own sitcom, "Everybody Loves Raymond," which aired on NBC from 2005 to 2011.

He then appeared in Judd Apatow's 2009 film, Funny People, and appeared on David Letterman's "Late Show" in 2011.

"I can’t imagine there are too many people that know and love Norm as much as I do," Apatow said in a statement. "He will be so deeply missed. It was an honor to work with a true original."

"Everybody Loves Raymond" creator and executive producer Phil Rosenthal paid tribute to McDonald on social media, writing, "It was the beginning of my career and now it’s the end. Norm was a friend. I’m going to miss him."

He added, "You have to have love when life is at it’s worst. Thank you Norm. My thoughts are with Carsey and with Robin and Julia and the kids and the friends. And with that and the laughs."

Actor Steve Zahn also shared a photo of him with McDonald on Instagram, writing, "I had the pleasure of working with him countless times and he was always warm, generous and one of the funniest people I’ve ever met. His light will be missed and he will always be a legend to me. He was one of my favorite comedians of all time."

"Everybody Loves Raymond" star Fred Savage posted a tribute to McDonald, writing, "You will be deeply missed Norm. You brought the laughs and I know millions more have felt them. We will miss your smile and your humor. So thankful you made my life and the lives of millions around the world. Love you."

Savage added a photo of him and McDonald at his 40th birthday party in 1999. "I remember that party! You and I talked every chance we could," Savage wrote. "We talked about so many things. I am so proud of you. I would love to have dinner with you again. What an icon you were and are. Your legacy lives on and your work will be missed by so many."

In the wake of McDonald's death, fans took to social media to mourn the loss of the man who made them smile with his wit and charm.

"So heartbreaking and sad to hear about the loss of this great human being," tweeted "Wedding Crashers" star Owen Wilson. "I was blessed to meet him in LA years ago. He was an amazing guy, a true legend and has the gift of bringing people together to laugh and be happy. He will be truly missed. Love and prayers to his family."

Actor and comedian Jeff Garlin added, "So, so, so sad to hear the news. RIP Norm. You were my college professor and my teacher. A genius. So many of us learned so much from you. Your warmth and wit were a huge part of my life, and I will miss that a lot. You will be missed, so very much, by all of us who loved you."

Norm McDonald Personal life

In 1988, McDonald married Connie Whelancourt, with whom he had a son, Dillon, in 1993. The couple separated in April 1999.

McDonald said his gambling addiction began with a six-figure victory at the Craps Table in Atlantic City. While appearing on the WTF with the Mark Maron podcast in 2011, McDonald revealed that he had lost all his money three times in gambling, with the largest amount ever being lost was $ 40,000. As a nonprofit player, his best direct result was रोख 20,915 cash at the 200,000,000 Bellagio Weekly Tournament in July 200. [5] In the 200 World Series of Poker, he finished 20th out of 272 ent entries in $ No, 000 No Limit Texas. Hold 'event, winning 14,608. He frequently played live cash games, as well as online poker. McDonald said in a 2018 interview that the United States v. Prior to the decision in Shenberg, he would play 20 online limit holdem games simultaneously. "Because it went offline, it somehow saved my life. Because I was just grinding and I couldn't sleep."

Norm McDonald Death

Norm Macdonald died of cancer on September 14, 2021 in Los Angeles at the age of 61. According to his brother Neil, he was diagnosed with leukemia nine years ago. He was immediately put on chemotherapy, but doctors realized he had a terminal form of the disease. The doctors gave him three months to live and doctors informed him that chemotherapy would not be able to help him for very long.

Switching agriculture from inorganic farming to organic farming is an important step.

Switching agriculture from inorganic farming to organic farming is an important step.

Switching agriculture from inorganic farming to organic farming is an important step.

Switching agriculture from inorganic farming to organic farming is an important step towards achieving a sustainable food system. Farmers can now prepare their food without the use of pesticides, fertilizers and antibiotics, and thus avoiding negative environmental and health impacts. The demand for organic food is steadily increasing all over the world and farmers can easily switch from conventional farming to organic farming due to its profitability of return on investment.

inorganic farming to organic farming

The main reason behind the increase in the demand for organic food is the public concern on the impact of chemicals on human health and the environment. Organic food is free from synthetic pesticides and fertilizers. In addition, farmers who grow organic food use minimal use of herbicides and thus less pesticides on their crops. In the following paragraphs, we will discuss the environmental and economic benefits of going organic.

Benefits of going Organic Farming:

1. Environmental benefits of going organic

Most pesticides are poisonous for the environment. In fact, synthetic pesticides enter soil and water and negatively affect soil microorganism which in turn influences soil health. Moreover, the application of pesticides not only affects the soil microorganisms but also damages the surrounding plants which reduces the biodiversity.

Organic farming uses less pesticides in comparison to conventional farming. In contrast, fertilizers are a major cause of water and air pollution. This is due to its toxic byproducts and because of the production of nitrous oxide in soil. These nutrients in fertilizers are also non-renewable. Moreover, fertilizers are extremely expensive.

2. Economic benefits of going organic

In 2014, global organic food sales in United States were $35.9 billion and is expected to increase in the coming years. This increase in the demand for organic food can be attributed to the public concern on the negative impact of the chemicals used in conventional farming.

While there is a lot of interest in organic food products, consumers have low spending power. In the past, they were not able to buy a wide variety of organic food products. In addition, the increase in the cost of conventional farming and high production costs of conventional farming caused the price to go up. Thus, in order to sustain their family and business, farmers had to depend on chemical-based fertilizers. However, due to the rise in demand for organic food, the price of the product has also increased. This has created a positive impact in the growth of organic food.

3. Environmental benefits of going organic

Apart from health, organic farming is also beneficial to the environment. Organic farming is sustainable, does not use synthetic fertilizers, and does not destroy the soil. In addition, organic food products are not tested on animals.

Organic farming also uses fewer resources like pesticides, electricity, and water which are not essential to produce conventional food. Thus, organic farming decreases the use of these resources. Furthermore, in organic farming, the use of fertilizers and pesticides decreases which reduces the amount of nitrous oxide produced.

This is not the end of the benefits of going organic. Organic farming also increases the availability of food and nutrition to people in developing countries.

Benefits of going organic: Health benefits

In order to have a healthy life, it is necessary to have a healthy diet. In conventional farming, a lot of chemical fertilizers are used. Due to this, there is no significant difference in the vitamins and minerals in organic and non-organic food. Thus, they share a similar nutrient value. However, there are specific advantages of organic food.

1. Organic food improves health in elderly people.

According to the research, old people who consume organic food tend to have a better immune system and lower blood pressure.

Furthermore, the elderly people also tend to be more active than their non-organic counterparts. Thus, the researchers speculate that this might be because the healthy diet provided by organic foods contains more essential nutrients, and is easier to digest.

2. Organic food improves the cognitive functions.

The consumption of organic food may improve the cognitive functions of elderly people. The reason being, organic foods are produced in a natural environment and they are free from chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Furthermore, organic food reduces inflammation.

This leads to improved blood flow and oxygen supply in the brain. Thus, organic food may be beneficial for the brain and may lead to improved cognitive functions of the elderly.

3. Organic food contains less toxins.

Conventional foods are usually chemically-treated with pesticides and herbicides. This is why they tend to contain a lot of toxins and they also tend to have a higher concentration of chemical residues.

The chemical additives in food are absorbed by the body and they lead to the formation of cancer cells. Due to this, a high concentration of toxin is associated with cancers.

Organic foods tend to contain less toxins. Hence, they do not have this problem. They are also healthier to eat.

Benefits of going organic: Economics benefits

You might think, do they really cost much more? Of course, that is what most of you will think. When it comes to buying foods, there will always be a cost. It doesn’t matter if it is organic or conventional food.

But, there are some specific things that organic food will cost you more than conventional foods. Some of them are:

Organic foods tend to cost more. This is because they are produced in a natural environment, and they do not contain any pesticides or chemical additives. Also, they tend to cost more. You will always have to pay more to buy organic food.

The organic food is usually produced in an organic environment. It means they do not use chemical pesticides and fertilizers to grow their foods. Thus, the nutrients tend to remain in the soil and they tend to increase. The soil gets better when it is well-groomed. It tends to be healthier and stronger.
Houston Maritime Attorney Usa

Houston Maritime Attorney Usa

Houston Maritime Attorney Usa

Houston Marine Law

The practice of maritime law, sometimes called admiralty law, can involve a number of maritime-related activities. Houston maritime law lawyers give insight in a wide assortment of cases, including payload carriage debates, oil slicks, and water contamination claims.

Most cases involve maritime law issues and rules, such as how ships are insured and operated, and how to properly and safely navigate the waters in your country's ports and cities. The federal government and other agencies regulate maritime affairs, and sometimes federal laws have a significant impact on maritime law.

Houston maritime law attorneys also provide experience and expertise in complex business cases, including lease negotiations and other agreements that affect maritime interests. Maritime law is often the deciding factor in these cases, and Houston marine lawyers often consult with other legal and technical experts to provide the best advice to clients.

To best assist maritime clients and provide comprehensive maritime law services, Houston maritime attorneys are licensed through several different national jurisdictions. This includes the state of Texas and the United States, and in most cases,  Houston Marine attorneys are licensed to practice in federal court.

Houston maritime law attorneys can also join cases involving the U.S. Coast Guard.  Houston maritime law attorneys can help clients who are trying to obtain licenses for a ship or cargo and ship management.

Houston maritime law attorneys can also join maritime insurance cases. This may include the interests of marine and insurance companies, as well as insurance claims for marine ships.

Houston maritime law attorneys may also be involved in cases involving your nation's international or foreign relations.  Houston Marine attorneys can represent interests based outside of the United States and help foreign-based clients.

Houston maritime law attorneys also provide representation in maritime cases involving international affairs. This may include international shipping laws and how foreign shipping agencies operate. International shipping cases may involve the interests and laws of countries involving a variety of international organizations, including companies, and other ports or waterways.

 Houston maritime law attorneys can also help clients involved in cases involving the United States Supreme Court.  Houston maritime attorneys can also provide services that include draft summaries and legal documents.

 Houston maritime law attorneys can help clients who need help obtaining maritime bonds and permits for a variety of maritime activities.

When you or your business needs a Houston Marine Lawyer, our Houston Marine Lawyer will provide you with the best legal services and experience. Contact us today to speak with a Houston maritime attorney to discuss your needs.

The content on this site was for general information purposes only. Nothing on this site should be taken as legal advice for any personal case or situation. This information is not intended to be created, and acknowledgment or viewing does not create a lawyer-client relationship.

Offshore Accident Lawyer in Usa

Offshore workers can suffer catastrophic injuries due to offshore platforms, crew boats, jack-up rigs and tankers and dangerous conditions at sea. Workers are usually not adequately trained and work long hours with a few hours of rest, which increases the risk of injury. Most offshore accidents happen at sea and offshore workers are at risk of drowning, drowning, being hit by an object or falling from a high place. Oil and gas offshore workers may be killed or injured during drilling, production or transportation and therefore their employers must adhere to strict safety regulations. If a worker is injured in the workplace outside the United States, workers' compensation claims must be processed in the country of injury. If the injured worker does not have a claim for workers' compensation and cannot make a claim against the oil company or its contractors, they should seek legal recourse.

Compensation to offshore workers

An offshore worker injured at sea must first seek workers' compensation and file a personal injury claim when it is not available. Workers' compensation laws vary by country, and in the United States, a maritime workers' compensation law provides the full right to an immediate workers' compensation claim. In other countries, such as Australia, Canada, the UK, and India, workers must meet various criteria before they can claim workers' compensation. Injuries to some offshore workers are not covered by workers' compensation in some countries and therefore the worker must go to court for a personal injury claim.

If the offshore worker does not have a workers' compensation claim, they have two options:

1. Receive a third-party claim, which will cause full damage to the injury caused to them. The offshore worker may attempt to file a third party claim against the contractor, insurance company, oil company or any third party that caused the accident. Offshore workers must file a third party claim at the same place where their workers' compensation claim is being processed.

2. Get legal representation and sue the oil company or its contractor or insurance company, but this is very difficult to do due to the limited movement of offshore workers and the harsh weather and sea exposure. In addition, offshore workers may be reluctant to sue due to a lack of financial security and fear of losing their jobs, despite the high risk of injury.

Workers' compensation claims

If the offshore worker has a claim for workers' compensation, he is entitled to full recovery for the injury he suffered. If the offshore worker is not entitled to any workers ’compensation, he or she must make a third-party claim.

Workers 'compensation laws and procedures vary by country, so offshore workers are advised to seek professional assistance from offshore workers' compensation attorneys to successfully navigate their cases and avoid mistakes.

Experienced offshore workers' compensation attorneys can ensure that the offshore worker receives compensation that is sufficient for permanent or long-term injuries, as well as medical bills related to their treatment. The offshore worker may receive financial compensation for the wages lost due to injury, as well as the legal fees required to represent him or her in the trial.

For a successful claim, offshore workers must provide evidence, medical evidence, and witness statements to support their claim. Workers ’compensation laws are different for offshore workers than those working in their country of origin, so offshore workers need to be aware of these differences and how to get the most effective representation available in their particular field of work.

What is an Offshore Injury Lawyer?

Offshore attorneys help those who have been injured at work to help their clients reap their benefits by applying knowledge of maritime law. This is a particular skill that is most beneficial to those who operate offshore vessels, as they may be exposed to certain risks that land-based attorneys are not exposed to.

An offshore injury lawyer’s job is to protect their clients from injuries and to ensure their clients receive their fair share of compensation for the injuries.

What Compensation is Offshore Injury Lawyer Offering?

Offshore injury attorneys are available to assist with anything from compensation for a lost income, replacement of property or medical care for those who have been injured. The services provided by offshore injury lawyers is based on the client’s case and the amount of money that can be recovered. A particular offshore injury attorney will help their clients obtain the best compensation for their claims.

Crop Rotation - Principles and Benefits | Types of Crop Rotation

Crop Rotation - Principles and Benefits | Types of Crop Rotation

 Crop Rotation - Principles and Benefits | Types of Crop Rotation

Crop Rotation - Principles and Benefits | Types of Crop Rotation

Crop rotation - History and principles of crop rotation


The following is a review of the history of crop rotation and crop rotation. When we comprehend the principles of crop rotation the various systems and theories behind those systems begin to make sense.

Attention has been paid to crop rotation for the last several years. Awareness of the problem, increasing the acreage area of ​​the disease crop, reducing rotation, reducing summer fruits, reducing planting and focusing on zero cultivation are mainly related to the disease. Recent advances in integrated weed management, and the need to include environmental management to optimize water and nutrient utilization.
 The reason for using the term "crop rotation" is because the term is familiar to most growers. However, it should be noted that some growers follow crop rotation where they take a specific crop in a particular year of the rotation cycle, in each field (e.g. wheat - farm peas - flax - barley). Instead, they follow crop orders (e.g. grains - cereals - oilseeds - pulses). This is because commodity prices fluctuate and the most important factor in deciding what to increase in the coming year is the expected commodity prices. Maintaining accurate records of herbicide use is another important factor when selecting varieties for crop and rotation.
It should also be noted that no one turns to the right. There is no single rotation that will optimize the use of water and nutrients, reduce disease and weed problems, and most importantly give the highest return per acre. The ‘best’ rotation depends on available humidity and nutrients, disease and weed levels, weed control records, availability of equipment, commodity prices, risk taking ability and willingness. The ‘best’ rotation for the same area and for the same area can vary from year to year.

Why crop rotation? | Why Is Crop Rotation Important?

If you plant the same crop in the same place for years, you will get a collection of specific pests and diseases for that crop. Different crops take different levels of nutrients from the soil and inevitably these become unbalanced, one depleting nutrients but the other leaving plenty. This is often referred to as 'sick soil'. Even the addition of fertilizers is unlikely to help because trace elements and micronutrients are depleted in the same way.

What is crop rotation?

Crop rotation is a method of planting different crops on the same soil, respectively, to improve soil health, adapt to soil nutrients, and cope with pests and weeds. For example, suppose a farmer planted a corn field. When the corn harvest is over, he can plant the beans, as the corn uses a lot of nitrogen and the beans return nitrogen to the soil. Simple rotations can involve two or three crops, and complex rotations can involve dozens or more. Different plants have different nutritional requirements and are vulnerable to a variety of microorganisms and pests. If a farmer plants the same crop in the same place every year, which is common in conventional farming, he is constantly extracting the same nutritious soil. Pests and diseases happily make themselves permanent home because the source of their favorite food is guaranteed. Due to such monoculture, increasing levels of chemical fertilizers and pesticides become necessary to keep production high while keeping bugs and diseases away.

What are the types of crop rotation

The development of different crops on a piece of land in a pre-planned succession is called crop rotation. Depending on the period, crop rotation can be of the following three types:

1. One year rotation

  • Maize - Mustard
  • Rice - Wheat

2. Two year rotation

  • Maize-mustard-cane-fenugreek
  • Maize- Potato- Sugarcane- Peas

3. Three year rotation

  • Rice - Wheat - Green gram - Mustard
  • Sugarcane - Berseem
  • Cotton - Oats - Sugarcane - Peas - Maize - Wheat

Crop rotation selection:

  • Source of moisture (by rain or irrigation).
  • Condition of soil nutrients.
  • Accessibility of sources of info (like manure, pesticides, labor and machine power).
  • The duration of the crop is short or long
  • Marketing and processing facilities.

Benefits of crop rotation:

  • Crop rotation helps to replenish soil fertility.
  • This restricts selective nutrients.
  • It protects against certain crop diseases and pests.
  • It increases productivity by increasing soil fertility.

Principles and benefits of crop rotation

Crop Rotation  is the process of growing one crop after another on a single piece of land at different times (seasons) without interfering with soil fertility.
Successful cropping depends on the selection of the right crop on the right soil.

Crop rotation principles

The basic principles of crop rotation are as follows:

  1. Deep rooted crops Shallow rooted crops like cotton, pea-potato, lentil, castor, gram etc.
  2. Decot crops should be rotated by monocot crops like mustard, potato-rice, wheat-sugarcane.
  3. Non-leguminous crops without legumes and vice versa (green gram-wheat) should be successful.
  4. End crops including potato, sorghum, sugarcane, castor-sunhemp, black gram, sorghum should be successful.
  5. After cereal crops, deciduous crops like wheat-dhancha, black gram should be taken.
  6. Short-term crops like sugarcane, napier, lucerne-sorghum, black gram, groundnut should be successful in long-term crops.
  7. Crops susceptible to soil pathogens and tolerant trap crops like sugarcane-marigold, mustard (for nematodes) should be taken after parasitic weeds; Tobacco- rice, pulses (for orobanche); Pearl millet- castor (for striga); lucern, berseem- oats (for cuscuta).
  8. Crops with problematic weeds for clean crops / multi-cut crops and other different crops like wheat-bran rice for Phalaris secondary; Berseem- Potatoes for Chicorium Entibus; Rice-vegetables for echinochloa crusgalli.
  9. Crops require heavy irrigation and intensive labor, followed by less water and labor like sugarcane, rice-green and sesame.

Benefits of crop rotation

Proper crop rotation has the following advantages:

  1. Higher income without additional investment.
  2. Increase soil fertility and microbial activity.
  3. Avoid accumulation of toxic substances.
  4. The legumes in the cropping system, absorb nitrogen from the atmosphere and enrich the soil with their root system.
  5. Great use of nutrients and soil moisture.
  6. Insurance against natural disasters.
  7. Maintain soil health by avoiding pests, diseases and weed problems.
  8. Distribute proper labor, energy and capital throughout the year.
  9. High probability of providing a variety of goods.
  10. Slow but steady yield, which is beneficial to retail and small farmers.
  11. Deep rooted crops work under the plowing layer of the soil.

Plan crop rotation

Plan where individual crops will be planted each year. Sowing beds organized by the plant family: Leguminosae (pea and bean family), Solanaceae (nightshades family), Brassicaceae (cabbage family), Umbelliferae (carrot family), Alliaceae (onion family), Cucurbitaceae (marrow family), and Chenopodiaceae (seed family) . In a notebook, draw a sketch of your garden bed and label each one with a number. Every spring you record the planting of each sapling so that no crop will be planted in two seasons in the same season.

If you have a garden this year and haven't created a map showing where specific vegetables grow, do it now to prepare for next year.

Start small with three crops

Early gardeners can maintain and rejuvenate the soil using a three-bed technique. Rotate this group of crops between three beds for three years. Plant the first group on the bed of the second group next year, the second in the bed of the third group, and the first bed in the second year of the third group.

  • Umbelliferae (carrot family): Carrot, celery, dill, parsley, cilantro, parsley Condition the soil with compost before planting - plants in the carrot family enjoy a soil rich in organic matter. Adding compost creates a crop of peas and beans next year, which works best in rich soils.
  • Brassicaceae (cabbage family): radish, broccoli, black, Brussels sprouts The plants in the cabbage family are heavy feeders, which require soil improvement. At the end of the growing season add compost to the soil, which prepares the beds for the next year's crop of the carrot family.
  • Leguminosae (pea and bean family): All types of peas and beans Peas and soybeans fix their own nitrogen from the air and feed extra into the soil. They make beds for the next 2 years of crops, both of which benefit from the infusion of nitrogen.

Crop rotation does not change the fertility, mulch and need for regular testing of your garden soil, but should help bring the season closer together.
What is losses of organic farming?

What is losses of organic farming?

What is losses of organic farming?

losses of organic farming

The organic farming sector is growing steadily, and so are the losses in the sector. In fact, losses of organic farming are the highest among all farm businesses. An organic farm can lose between 0.3 and 1.3 tons of organic matter per ha per year, and some studies find that this can happen as often as every 5-10 years. This may not seem like much, but if this is happening across a whole farm business, then the losses of organic farming could be very large. Some organic businesses report losses of around 10,000 tonnes of organic matter per year. It is difficult to say exactly why organic losses occur. The most common factors are that the organic crops are either more expensive than other types of crop or are more labour intensive. Organic crops often need more attention to detail. Organic crops can also suffer more when they become infected with pests or disease.

What causes losses of organic farming?

Losses occur when there are pests or disease that infect the crops. Crops may suffer heavy losses of organic matter when disease infects the crop. Pests, such as fungus, can be more of a problem if organic farmers use crop rotation. Crop rotation means that the crops are grown on different soil types so that diseases do not build up in one soil type, and pests do not build up in another. When weather conditions are wet and there is heavy rainfall or a long period of rain, the weeds in the field may also increase. Weeds compete with the crops for the soil nutrients that the crops need to grow. When they grow quickly, they may out compete the crops for the nutrients.

What can we do to reduce losses of organic farming?

Weeds can be a problem in organic farming, so it is important to try to control them. By spraying weeds with herbicide or by burning them, it is possible to reduce the weeds. If this is not enough, it is better to hand weed the fields before they grow too much. It is best to grow some crops in rotation to help prevent crops from becoming infected with pests or disease. Good crop rotation means that the crop you grow next will be different to the crop you grow the year before. This is good for the soil, as the plants will continue to cycle through different plant nutrients that will keep the soil healthy. The next time you are planning to grow some crops, try to look for crops that are also grown organically or buy organic seeds or seedlings. It is also good to avoid growing a wide range of vegetables, as this can cause problems when a disease infects your crops. Soil conditions also play an important role in losses of organic farming. If the soil is too wet, weeds can grow quickly and out compete the crops for nutrients. If the soil is too dry, the roots of crops may rot. Soil conditions need to be considered when planning crop rotations. There are many other reasons for losses of organic farming, including over-watering, waterlogging and soil compaction. Each year the organic growers of the Great British Isles report that loss rates of between 5 and 25 percent can be expected. These losses come from many different causes. Some of the main factors that can lead to losses include; poor soil conditions, insects and disease, over-watering, over-seeding, weeds and poor growing practices. To reduce these losses the average farmers need to look at their management practices, and try to change them if they are found to be leading to losses. It is possible to reduce losses from 10 to 25 percent of income if you make the changes below. Weeds and pests are a common problem for the British organic farmers. So the first step is to spray the weeds and pests with a herbicide or pesticide. It is better to have this in the form of an organic spray that contains natural ingredients, then an ordinary synthetic pesticide. This avoids the introduction of chemical residues into the food chain.
Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides

Harmful Effects Of Chemical Fertilizers

Plants need soil nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur for their growth. However, when crop seedlings are harvested, soil nutrient levels may decrease over time, as nutrients do not return to the soil. Therefore, these essential nutrients are compensated either by the natural process of decay, when the plants die and rot, and the nutrients extracted from the soil return to the soil, or by an easy way of adding fertilizer.
Fertilizers are substances used to add nutrients to the soil to increase soil fertility and increase plant growth. Fertilizer has become essential for modern agriculture today to feed the growing population. The use of fertilizers, in particular, chemical fertilizers have brought blessings to humanity, helping to prevent starvation and death in different parts of the world. Chemical fertilizers increase crop yields; Their overuse has hardened the soil, reduced fertility, strengthened pesticides, expelled polluted air and water and greenhouse gases, endangering human health and the environment. It has already been proven that chemical fertilizers pose a serious challenge to sustainable growth and balance. Accordingly, scientists and researchers appear to be arguing in favor of organic fertilizers as the best solution to prevent soil pollution and many other threats to the environment. And life due to overuse of chemical fertilizers. Since salt is the most authentic property of chemical fertilizers; They will be a barrier to long-term farming because soluble foundations are as harmful to plants as soil. Continued use of these chemical fertilizers destroys the essential nutrients and minerals in the soil that are naturally found in fertile soil. When we use chemical fertilizers; They do not help to supplement the soil and its fruitful fertility, which is contrary to mainstream thinking; But, just renew potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus. And we know that phosphorus does not dissolve in water and its overuse can harden the soil. Similarly, alkaline fertilizers like sodium-nitrate create salinity in the soil which reduces its fertility and makes it infertile. So to speak; Soil fertility and vegetation depend on a balanced supply of essential nutrients and minerals. Thus, overuse of certain nutrients can lead to an imbalance in the supply of nutrients in the soil and as a result the soil can deteriorate and the stable soil balance is disturbed.

Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers on human health

Harmful effects of chemical fertilizers and pesticides (including effects on non-target organisms) have become an important factor of concern with the expansion of human population and rapid industrialization. As a consequence, there has been a growing interest in methods to minimize their effect on both the environment and human health.
In the context of human health, the effects of chemical fertilizers are serious, with their direct toxic effects or with indirect effects that are related to the depletion of nutrients in the plants eaten. Nitrosamine exposure has been reported to play a significant role in Alzheimer's disease, diabetes mellitus and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, according to a study conducted at the Warren Alpert Medical School at Brazen University. This exposure is caused by a chemical reaction between nitrates and secondary amines or proteins and causes DNA damage, oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation, and pro-inflammatory cytokine activation, which together increase cellular degeneration and death. While nitrite is used in all processed and preserved foods, it is widely used in fertilizers and is a major component of polluted water. Thus, researchers have suggested safe and effective measures to eliminate the use of nitrates in food, reduce the amount of fertilizers and nitrates in water used to irrigate crops, and finally, to detoxify food and water before human consumption. Several other studies showing the role of chemical fertilizers in Alzheimer's disease have confirmed these findings. Toxic levels of cadmium and aluminum in the soil due to the use of chemical fertilizers also play a role in the process and pathophysiology of Alzheimer's, according to another group in Hungary. Generally speaking, an abundance of exploration proposes that chemical fertilizers represent a danger to human wellbeing and add to the advancement of ongoing infection.
One of the main strategies is the reduction in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. However, their use is also being continuously reduced because of the need to be more sustainable. Another approach is the development of new crops and varieties able to use the residual nutrients from the first application and therefore needing less fertilizers and pesticides, or at least less active substances. However, the most studied and applied strategy to reduce or eliminate the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is the use of biological agents, which have been used for hundreds of years in agriculture, horticulture and forestry. Biological agents can be classified in three broad categories: biofertilizers, biofungicides and biopesticides. Agroecosystems are extremely complex and their effects cannot be predicted on a long-term basis. This means that chemical fertilizers and pesticides should be used in the most economical way, following the "pollution prevention principle" introduced by the Green Revolution. Application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides affects all parts of the plant, as well as the organisms directly involved in nutrient absorption. Therefore, chemical fertilizers and pesticides can produce negative effects on human and animal health. Furthermore, the application of chemical fertilizers and pesticides can have many positive or negative effects on the environment, affecting all the components of the ecosystem. Biological control methods and other alternative methods to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides have been the subject of studies for decades. The current interest in these methods is mainly because of the use of these technologies in the European Union. These programs are included in the European Union's Sustainable Farming Scheme, Sustainable Use of Pesticides and Biocontrol, Bio Fertilizers and Soil Conditioners. In addition to the current EU programs, a new trend is emerging, which uses biological methods in the context of sustainable production. The results of studies on the use of biological control agents (BCAs) and chemical control agents in the control of diseases and insect pests in agriculture, horticulture and forestry are reviewed in this book. In the majority of cases, the use of BCAs and chemical control agents has been successful and positive. In many cases, the use of BCAs and chemical control agents is cheaper than that of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. In some cases, the use of BCAs and chemical control agents has proven to be cost-effective, particularly when it is used in combination with other measures to maintain soil fertility. In general, the use of biological control agents is more effective when the use of chemicals has been banned, if available, or when the use of chemical pesticides is prohibited. In this book, various alternatives to chemical fertilizers and pesticides are presented. A brief overview of the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and alternatives is presented. The use of biological control methods and biological fertilizers is described in more detail in other books in this series. The focus of this book is on alternatives to pesticides. For each alternative, the advantages, disadvantages, problems and the future of this technology are discussed. The main types of BCAs and biological fertilizers that are used are also presented. The review of BCAs and chemicals has been done by searching the database PubMed for articles that describe studies on the use of BCAs or chemical control agents in plant protection, and comparing these studies with similar studies on the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. The information gathered from this review forms the basis for the different sections in this book. In each section, the most important studies on the use of pesticides and chemicals and the use of biological control agents and biological fertilizers are presented. This also includes studies on the use of chemicals, biological control agents and biological fertilizers in organic farming. Each section also presents the main conclusions of the studies and lists practical examples.

# Key points

* Chemical pesticides and fertilizers have become the principal tools for soil management. * Pesticides are considered to be chemicals that reduce or inhibit plant growth. * Chemical fertilizers are the nutrients that are added to the soil that are required for plant growth. * There are a wide variety of chemical pesticides that can be used in agriculture. * Pesticides are considered to be harmful to people, animals and the environment. * The use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers is associated with a number of problems and hazards. * For agricultural use, chemical fertilizers must be produced and supplied on a large scale in order to supply the desired amount of nutrients to the soil. * Chemical pesticides may be hazardous to both people and the environment. * Chemical pesticides cause changes in the structure of the plant cell membranes, which is often irreversible. * Pesticides kill beneficial organisms like insects, weeds and microorganisms that are required for healthy plant growth and the health of the soil. * Pesticides are applied directly onto plants, usually on their foliage and stems. * Pesticides can damage plants, soil, soil organisms and the environment. * Although chemical pesticides can be applied in a variety of ways, farmers prefer to use sprays, dusts and aerosols. * Organic farming is a system of cultivation that does not use chemicals for soil management, pest control and plant protection. * Organic farming is a more sustainable way to farm and is more beneficial for the environment, animal health and human health. * Organic farming involves low chemical input, high use of animal manure, and the re-application of manure for fertilizer. * A large proportion of the food consumed by the people of the world comes from organic farms. * Over 200 million hectares of land in the world have been converted into organic farmland, resulting in a greater availability of organic food. * Organic farming relies on biological and natural methods for maintaining soil fertility, pest and disease control. * Organic farming does not use chemicals for managing weeds, pests or disease and relies on natural and biological methods. * Farmers using organic methods grow the same crops year-round using the same seed stock and are not constrained by the seasons. * Organic farming does not use synthetic pesticides, chemical fertilizers or genetically modified organisms.


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Why is sustainable agriculture so important to us?

Why is sustainable agriculture so important to us?

Why is sustainable agriculture so important to me? And why should the world care? 

why is sustainable agriculture so important

Why is sustainable agriculture so important to us? And why should the world care? Because by working together to address climate change and mitigate its effects, we have an opportunity to create a world that’s better for everyone.

I am convinced that if we are to succeed in ensuring a good future for all of us, we have to transform the way we produce and consume food. We must ensure that the environmental problems we are now facing can be addressed and new problems can be prevented.

Climate change is creating a new, uncertain economic future. We know that the problems of climate change have led to huge numbers of people suffering from malnutrition. At the same time, climate change has caused the cost of food to rise and prices to fall.

In fact, climate change is already making some communities more vulnerable than others. It is already affecting farmers’ ability to grow their crops.  

Some of the most hungry people in the world are located in the countries affected most by climate change: India, China and the countries of the Sahel. And the problems we are facing will become more pronounced in the decades to come.

How will we be able to feed the world? The answer lies in the concept of sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture must be based on the principles of:

The food system needs to transform

• using the earth’s resources as effectively as possible,

• protecting and enhancing the environment,

• working to achieve healthy, resilient communities and healthy ecosystems.

To achieve this, we must:

• reduce the demand for land, water and energy,

• increase productivity,

• produce enough food,

• meet the nutritional needs of the planet’s people and the animals that sustain us.

Sustainable agriculture requires that we think carefully about the way we manage the world’s land, water and energy resources. This is why sustainable agriculture includes an approach to food production that is based on regenerative agriculture.

Regenerative agriculture is a concept that emerged in the 1970s, when a group of farmers, farmers’ and social scientists decided that they needed a new approach to their farming practices to save the earth and make it better. It is based on the idea of a living earth. In other words, nature is the source of all food, not the soil.  

When we cultivate the land, we are not bringing back the earth’s natural systems that have been cut down. What we are doing is destroying and poisoning the land by farming monocultures.

For example, when you grow corn, soy or rice, you are taking phosphorus from the soil. You’re taking nitrogen and phosphorus from the soil, and you are removing oxygen, carbon dioxide and water from the soil.

Why is sustainable agriculture so important?

Sustainable Agriculture is the way to go.

Why is that? Because, if you grow food in a sustainable manner the food will eventually be self-sustaining and not dependent on fossil fuels. It is so important because without sustainable agriculture you are doomed. It is so important because even if you have sustainable agriculture it is still extremely important to protect the places in which this agriculture takes place. You can do this through the sustainable use of plant and animal life which are very important in keeping our world’s water supplies free from pollution and other man made waste.

But we must also protect them for the long term. You know when you have that one day when you realise you have taken too much. When we live in a world where there is so much to live for there is no excuse for us taking more than we need from nature. So it is essential to think about this world in a realistic manner.  

Sustainable agriculture is not some idealistic dream, it is a logical necessity for the survival of mankind. But it should be also be something that people are interested in. But we are still so far away from sustainable agriculture. Some people live in sustainable agriculture and some live in the unsustainable agriculture.

The sustainable agriculture is still very rare, it exists in certain places.

So our mission is to tell people the story of sustainable agriculture and raise awareness. There is much ignorance when it comes to this, but much is still changing for the better. Our sustainable agriculture is the natural state of our world. And it will be what we will survive on for millions of years.