What Is Permaculture ?


What Is Permaculture' - www.kninfocare.blogspot.com*

A sustainable system is any system to that in its lifetime can produce more energy than it takes to establish and maintain it. Permaculture Design is the first system of conscious function design in the world. That's its unique aspect. And functional design is sustainable. Permaculture was a concept that Bill Mollisonand I worked on in the 70s. Today, well, call it sustainability. They based it on a simple question related to the design of agriculture. If most of nature dominated by perennial plants, tree and long leaf plants, why is our agriculture dominated by annual crops? Why doesn't it follow the design rules of nature? We've got used to the idea that for any key problem or important activity there's one big solution that trumps all others and some version of it ends up everywhere. 

Once you deal with nature and local resources, local situations, then the design solutions are all different. When you look at a complete system, there are two things that are very undesirable. One is work and the other is pollution. Pollution is a product of work. Work results from not supplying every component in your system with its needs. Now let's put that in another way... If you didn't put a tank on your chicken house, you got to carry the water to the chickens. So you incur work. Now if you didn't collect the eggs from the chicken house, that's pollution. So pollution is an unused resource. It didn't go somewhere where it would use. It was actually the entire way we related to nature. So human settlements, the design of houses... the way we organise everything in society was a part of that. It comes from two Latin words "Permanens":to persist indefinitely. "Cultura": The Practices that support human occupation. Put those together, it's a persistent system that supports human existence. We eat food, we grow a garden, why don't we grow our food in the garden and bring those things back together. Rather than the industrial system which spread severy thing out in these long supply chains. Another thing that's extraordinarily intriguing; when you design well, nature takes hold of what you've done and does it better. All you got to do is watch the system and guide it slightly. So, Permaculture is really a design system for both sustainable land use and sustainable living. I suppose the simplest thing to say is; an attempt to build a wonderful place to live.

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable agriculture relies on healthy soil. That means the plants will require less water than non-organic farms. In a sustainable farm, farmers keep their soil healthy with organic farming techniques. The quality of soil will vary by location. Using organic practices makes it easier to control the soil because it has been already mixed by the farmer. You can use techniques such as vermicomposting to prevent the soil from becoming depleted and break down organic material. It can also contribute nutrients for healthy crops.

Three parts to the permaculture design process

At the foundation of all permaculture projects is an inter-relationship between design principles and practical applications, and between principles and practical application. Permaculture design is founded on principles, and these principles are intended to provide a sustainable balance for people and the environment. These principles can be summed up as:

First Principles – It is the first principle to begin with a review of our underlying assumptions of sustainability, and a desire to set a new direction for our society and our environment. These are often referred to as the principles of resilience and an ecological approach to design.

Second Principles – There are three principles that govern the permaculture design process: Design is about the production of resources. The design process promotes efficiency and provides a focus for the planning and designing process.

Third Principles – Permaculture design is a research-based design approach; the outcome of the design process is design, which results in effective and profitable solutions. Each project should be evaluated on its results.

The principles are clearly identified, but not explained in much detail.

These principles create the design framework that defines how the design process progresses. They are not set in stone. It is important to use these principles as guidelines for designing our projects, but not as definite roadmaps. We still have much to learn about sustainability.

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