Solid Waste Management is environmentally Eco-friendly
What is waste management?Waste management simply means that the collection, transportation, processing or disposal, management and maintenance of waste materials reduce its impact on humans and the environment. This is a growing challenge as the population grows with industrial development in big cities.
1. Method of waste management fireIncineration as a method of disposal is incineration of waste. This is sometimes referred to simply as a thermal treatment, as a general category of high temperature treatment of waste materials. This method can be used to convert waste into heat, gas, steam and ash. One of the advantages of burning is that with this method, the noise of rejection can be reduced by half or more and requires less land use.
2. Sanitary landfill for waste disposalLandfill is probably the most widely used method in more parts of the world than any other method. Landfills are often old and abandoned mines and mining areas. Considered to be the most cost-effective way of disposing of waste, about 75% of the implementation cost is due to the collection of waste from residential and businesses and transport to landfill. The waste is layered in a thin spread and then compacted, with a layer of clean earth covering the waste material before adding more layers over time.
3. ReuseRecycling waste materials means taking materials and converting them into new products. This is a key concept in modern waste reduction philosophy. It is about reducing environmental stress by reducing the need for complete disposal. In our daily lives, we are already separating paper products, aluminum soda cans or glass bottles into different waste containers so that they can be recycled.
4. Methods of prevention and reductionPrevention of waste generated is also known as waste reduction. Prevention methods include reusing second-hand products, repairing broken items instead of buying new ones, designing refillable or reusable products (such as cotton instead of plastic shopping bags), and encouraging consumers to avoid using disposable products (such as disposable cutlery). , Removing any food / liquid residue from cans and designing products that use less ingredients (e.g., lighter weight of beverage cans) to achieve the same purpose.
Principles of waste management
Waste hierarchy refers to reuse, recycle, which categorizes waste management according to their needs in terms of waste reduction. Garbage sorting is the basis of most waste minimization strategies. The purpose of waste sorting is to maximize practical benefits from the products and to minimize the amount of final waste; See: Resource Recovery. The waste hierarchy is shown as a pyramid because the basic strategy is to take measures to prevent waste generation. The next step or preferred action is to find an alternative to the waste by reusing it. Next is recycling which includes composting. Following these steps involves physical recovery and energy from waste. The final action is by disposal, land conversion, or incineration without energy recovery. This last step is a last resort for waste that has not been blocked, diverted or recovered. Waste classification represents the progress of a product or material from the sequential stage of waste management of the pyramid. The hierarchy represents the later part of the life-cycle for each product.
The life-cycle begins with design, then progresses through production, distribution, and primary use, and then through the stages of waste sorting, recycling, and recycling. Each stage of the life-cycle provides an opportunity for policy intervention, to reconsider product requirements, to redesign to reduce waste capacity, to increase its utilization. ] [Page required] One way to optimize product life-cycle analysis is to use the world's limited resources to avoid unnecessary generation of waste.
Understanding that current economic growth and development cannot be sustained by current production and utilization methods demonstrates resource efficiency. Globally humanity draws more resources to create objects than to produce planets. ] [Page required] Reducing environmental impact and resource efficiency from the production and use of these raw materials from final raw material to final use. Disposal
The pollutant-pay principle states that the polluting party compensates for the adverse effects on the environment. In terms of waste management, waste generators in general need to pay for the proper disposal of non-refundable materials.
Waste management is environmentally friendly
The term waste management describes the whole process of collecting, storing, unloading, reusing or recycling. From this explanation, it is obvious that waste management is an environmentally friendly activity that should be taken very seriously. There are two main techniques of waste management – hygienic one or crafted waste dump and composting.
Other existing methods are bailing, petrification, pyrolysis and more. The approaches of stream discarding, sanitary landfill and land interment permanent garbage disposal approaches help to lower the waste quantity.
Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries
There are many nations that have implemented these techniques into their waste administrations, but some of them have failed. Such a country is Nigeria, solid waste management is a critical point in the policy of the country. The Nigerian government is taking all possible measures to utilize those techniques but still, they've not completely done it.
The main problem for Nigeria is the lack of involvement in the strong waste management of some Nigerian areas. These are also large generators of waste in the country.
The amount of solid waste is increasing day after day and the government in the country is quite concerned about the situation. Recycling can be the answer to their waste management issues. Recycling by plummeting items to fresh basic materials will definitely decrease the discharge of greenhouse gases. This will help to prevent the contamination of the water and air, as well.
The damage it can cause to our world is quite disturbing and if we do not apply some measures at the correct time if we continue to live against not with the environment, then soon the moment from which no one could save us will come – natural disasters.
If we are not able to take the appropriate waste administration decisions now, what about the future when more and more waste will be accumulated and should need disposal. The climate is already warmer than before, the contamination of the air is in good shape but there are times when it is not. All of these factors have an effect on the glaciers and are a future threat for flooding some countries.
There are many countries that follow the modern and already proven strategies of waste proper management but some are failing in their efforts. We already took a closer look at Nigeria, where waste management is a crucial issue for the Nigerian government whose efforts for implementing waste management techniques are still not fully successful.