Water crisis builds in Egypt as dam talks falter, temperatures rise

As the dam's talk diminished, rising temperatures lead to a water crisis in Egypt

Water crisis

Egypt's water consumption grew over 20 per cent in the last decade alone, while the water supply has been shrinking. This resulted in a mass shortage of water with the country's surrounding regions at risk of running out. While Egypt is a water rich nation, the magnitude of the crisis is nearing a critical point. Egypt may experience a water crisis similar to that of Iraq. Given the ongoing water crisis, Egypt faces the ever-increasing need for an expansion of its water supply and reliable means of water distribution. It also faces the increasing possibility of an increase in water shortages, including risks of water scarcity due to water rationing and water shortages linked to natural hazards.


A crisis such as this can destabilize the Egyptian economy and lead to a water crisis in Egypt and its surrounding regions. While the water crisis could potentially be a long-term problem, Egypt is already dealing with a water crisis, which is having negative effects on its environment. In fact, Egypt's water crisis began in earnest in 2007 when a drought caused the water level of the Nile River to decrease. While Egypt has an estimated 30-40 per cent share in the Nile's waters, Egypt may be in danger of a major water crisis that impacts its economy and water distribution. This is especially apparent in Egypt's southern region, which is already facing its own water shortage crisis that impacts its agriculture and its water distribution system.

The poor state of Egypt's water distribution system may lead to a water crisis that threatens Egypt's economy.

As Egypt's water crisis worsens, water quality will deteriorate, as will the agricultural capacity of the agricultural fields surrounding Egypt's water distribution system. Water quality is particularly of concern in Egypt, given that Egypt is the third largest exporter of wheat worldwide and its agricultural land is highly dependent on water resources. Despite the drought, Egypt's water supply also depends on water imported from countries in the region and the situation in Egypt is further complicated by other water crises in the surrounding region. In addition, the security crisis that Egypt has been facing in recent years has resulted in the destruction of the water infrastructure of the country. As the water crisis worsens, Egypt will increasingly be forced to rely on water from countries that also suffer from drought conditions. A significant increase in water pollution due to the increasing extraction of the water by farmers and development projects around water infrastructure in Egypt is also a key factor that is likely to intensify the water crisis in Egypt in the near future. Another key factor is the rise in the demand for water in Egypt, which is also expected to rise due to population growth. According to various studies by the Egyptian Water Utilities Corporation (EWUC), Egypt's population is expected to grow by 10 percent in the next 15 years, and an additional 3 million people will be added to the population by 2030. As a result, the demand for water in Egypt is increasing. Meanwhile, the water supply in Egypt is decreasing as the existing water reservoirs are increasingly becoming polluted and the water distribution system will struggle to provide drinking water to the growing population of Egypt. There is also the need for urgent action to reduce the temperature in Egypt, as Egypt's water distribution system is at risk of freezing in the winter. According to some studies, the Egyptian temperature increased by about one degree Celsius in the last decade. Furthermore, as the climate change is affecting the weather and water distribution in Egypt, the temperature is also expected to rise and the water supply will be disrupted during the winter, particularly in Egypt's northern region. As Egypt's water distribution system is in crisis, the risk of water freezing during the winter will increase. Further research in the area of water crises is therefore necessary to develop effective climate and water conservation strategies that can reduce the risks and prepare Egypt for climate change.

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