Cover Crop-Beneficial bacteria in farm soil

 How to replenish good bacteria in farm soil after antibiotics


The bacteria that break down manure, compost, and feces are known as “good” or “probiotic” bacteria. If farmers grow and make organic matter into compost, they can add these bacteria back into the soil.

They can also add them back into the soil by using a cover crop.


In this article, you’ll learn:


How good and bad bacteria are spread in the farm soil.


How to prevent the growth of bad bacteria in soil.


How to grow and add beneficial bacteria to your farm.


What Is a Cover Crop?


To grow a cover crop, you must apply a fertilizer before planting the seed.As soon as the cover crop seed is planted, it can create a soil that is rich in beneficial bacteria.The idea is that farmers can grow a cover crop and allow it to release nutrients while keeping the soil healthy.


Beneficial Bacteria in Farm Soil


Farm soil contains both good and bad bacteria.“Good” bacteria, such as Bacillus subtilis, are beneficial.


These bacteria break down manure, compost, and feces.“Bad” bacteria, such as Enterococcus faecium and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, are harmful.The bad bacteria can cause problems like the Black Leaf Disease (BLD) and Fusarium wilt disease.


In this article, you’ll learn:


How the “bad” bacteria grow in soil.


How to prevent the growth of “bad” bacteria in soil.


How to grow and add beneficial bacteria to your farm.


How to Grow Your Own Good Bacteria


Using compost to build soil health is a great way to introduce and grow good bacteria in your farm soil.

However, farmers must be careful to use compost that is free of manure. If the compost contains manure, the bacteria will have a hard time multiplying in your farm soil. Instead, farmers should focus on manure-free compost such as peat-based compost.When you add manure-free compost to your farm soil, the soil is less likely to become rich in harmful bacteria.This is why farmers have grown a beneficial plant, called a cover crop, to grow in their farm soil.Farmers grow a cover crop to help build their soil’s health, and this method is also known as soil cover farming.


Cover crops definition and examples


Cover crops are plants that farmers plant to grow in the soil to help the farm soil’s health.Cover crops are usually grown to help provide nutrients, improve the soil’s water retention, and help to reduce erosion.Farmers can grow two types of cover crops: cool season and warm season.Cool season cover crops grow in the spring, summer, and fall.Warm season cover crops grow in the winter months.


Cover crops help the soil’s health in four ways:


Enhance Microbial Community


Cover crops help build a healthy and diverse microbial community in the farm soil.This means that the soil has a diverse group of bacteria, fungi, and other organisms.These beneficial organisms are responsible for producing essential nutrients, fixing nutrients, and converting harmful elements in the soil.A healthy soil means that the soil can provide abundant nutrients, which in turn, allows the plant to flourish.


Fertility Booster


A diverse microbial community means that the soil is also more fertile.Fertility improves when the microbial community increases in the soil, allowing the microbes to break down and break down organic matter in the soil.


Organic matter


The more organic matter in the soil, the better for the microorganisms.Organic matter contains nitrogen, phosphorus and micro and macro nutrients that microorganisms need to create a rich environment in the soil.For example, composted animal manure is extremely rich in micro and macro nutrients.Beneficial microorganisms 


Microorganisms are involved in a variety of processes including nutrient production, food use, and healthy soil preparation.Here are some organisms that are especially beneficial for soil health and plant growth.


Bacteria


Lactobacilli are found in soil, plants and animals.They produce enzymes that help plants absorb and grow nutrients and are a key part of the soil's natural ecosystem.Bacillus is a highly halophilic that can live in salt water.Lactobacillus is a microorganism that can break down lactose. This means it is useful for dairy products and for people who are lactose intolerant.


Fungus


There is a wide range of different types of fungi.Aspen worms, opium and rhizopus are all beneficial for the soil and beneficial to your health.Fungi have hyphae (like trees have roots) that absorb nutrients from the soil and release nitrogen to feed the plants.It is important to note that fungi, being anaerobic, cannot survive in the soil with oxygen and are therefore not found in abundance there. Fungi eat soil organic matter and break it down to make food for themselves and other organisms in the soil.Bacterial spores and fungi have the ability to create new life in the soil.


Virus


Viruses help control the population of pathogens in the soil.There are many types of viruses and some are pathogens for humans.Viruses can only live in living cells.Viruses can only multiply when they find cells that produce more viruses.For example, a bacterium can multiply by dividing into two new cells.

Viruses, however, multiply when they find cells to make new viruses.


When they do, new viruses come out of the body of the virus and infect other cells, causing more viruses to form.The virus only needs to infect one cell so that another new virus can form.Controlling the population of pathogenic organisms is an important factor.If you let them grow, they can infect humans.The good news is that viruses are not alive, so they cannot multiply and can be a real threat to soil health.A good example of a pathogenic virus that we want to keep away from the soil is the plant pathogenic virus.


Plant pathogens


These include fungi called Fusarium and Alternaria which infect the vascular tissues of plants and cause brown patches of corn and wheat and other grass diseases.Other organisms of this type can infect many plants.This can be a real problem for farmers who need to get rid of all the weeds that are making their fields unproductive. It can be difficult to remove these organisms completely from the field.


But the good news is that as long as we control their population, it can't be a real problem.

One of the most common soil viruses is the plant pathogenic virus that causes plant mosaic disease.

Other plant viruses include viruses that cause diseases in crops such as rice viruses as we mentioned earlier.These are the types of viruses that we call plant viruses.

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